Medical technologists have also contributed significantly to the development of newer devices, drugs and consumables thereby making the treatment; error free, more precise, accurate with much lesser side-effects & complications thereby improving the outcomes drastically. One such technology that has really changed the landscape of modern surgeries, is the introduction of surgical robots. Robotic surgery is a technique that surgeons employ to operate on patients using small incisions with the help of robotic arms. Robotic-assisted surgeries have not only simplified the surgical procedures; there are less complications and outcomes are way better than traditional methods.
The first documented use of a robot-assisted surgical procedure dates back to 1985; when PUMA 560 robotic surgical arm was used in a delicate neurosurgical biopsy. But, this was a non-laparoscopic surgery. The first robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery was removal of gall bladder in 1987. Since then, there have been numerous developments in this field and the actual break through came in 2000, when the da Vinci Surgery System became the first robotic surgery system approved by the FDA for general laparoscopic surgery. This system’s three-dimensional magnification screen allowed surgeons to view the operative area with the clarity of high resolution. The “Endo-wrist” features of the operating arms precisely replicated the skilled motions of the surgeon at the controls, improving accuracy in small operating spaces.
What does Robotic surgery mean to you?
Robotic surgery has many benefits. It is less invasive, which means that it can be done with smaller incisions and less tissue damage. It also has better precision, which means that it can be used for more complicated surgeries than traditional methods. The main benefits of robotic surgery for you as a patient are:
- Fewer incisions and smaller scars
- Less blood loss and operative time
- Improved post-operatory recovery & Shorter hospital stay
- Fewer post-operatory complications
How is it helpful for surgeons in improving outcomes?
I would say that three important features that robot has, which help simplifying surgeries & thereby improving surgical outcomes are:
- The 3-dimesional high-definition view: this helps surgeon concentrate even on tiniest structures in body and even reach difficult to access areas with great ease. This along with better depth perception improves the surgical accuracy.
- Seven degrees of freedom of wrist movement allows surgeon to be more precise and accurate; this really facilitates certain maneuverers like suturing in difficult areas like pelvis.
- Enabled by artificial intelligence and machine learning; the system has many safety mechanisms; resulting in less complications.
With these advances, surgical robots definitely make your surgeries easier and better. And I firmly believe that every life matters and deserves the best possible care and treatment modality.